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Synonyms

Distribution

Vegetation Description



Physical Characterization



Soil series involved

Natural Processes


Dominant Plants

Trees: Quercus marilandica (blackjack oak). Shrubs: Rhus copallinum (winged sumac), Salix humilis (prairie willow). Lianas: *Smilax glauca (cat greenbrier). Forbs: Agalinis tenuifolia (slenderleaf false-foxglove), Baptisia leucantha (white wild indigo), *Buchnera americana (American blue hearts), Desmodium ciliare (hairy small-leaf tick-trefoil), Eryngium yuccifolium (rattlesnake master), Eupatorium pubescens (roundleaf thoroughwort), *E. hyssopifolium (hyssop-leaved thoroughwort), Helianthus mollis (ashy sunflower), Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bushclover), *L. virginica (Virginia bush-clover), Liatris spicata (slender blazing star), *Parthenium integrifolium (wild quinine), *Pycnanthemum pilosum (hairy mountain-mint), P. tenuifolium (narrowleaf mountain-mint), Silphium laciniatum (compass plant), *S. glabrum (smooth rosinweed), Solidago juncea (early goldenrod), *S. nemoralis (gray goldenrod), Tephrosia virginiana (goat's rue), Vernonia missurica (Missouri ironweed).  Graminoids: Andropogon gyrans (Elliott's bluestem), Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem), A. ternarius (splitbeard bluestem), *Aristida purpurascens (threeawn grass), Elymus glabriflorus (wild rye), Erianthus alopecuroides (silver plume grass), Gymnopogon ambiguus (bearded skeleton grass), Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem), Sorghastrum nutans (Indian grass), Tripsacum dactyloides (eastern gama grass).

Characteristic Plants


Restricted Plants

Trees: Shrubs: Forbs: Agalinis auriculata (earleaf false-foxglove), Agalinis skinneriana (Skinner's false-foxglove), Asclepias purpurascens (purple milkweed), *Desmodium sessiliflolium (sessile-leaf tick-trefoil), Helianthus occidentalis ssp. occidentalis (naked-stem sunflower), Hieracium longipilum (hairy hawkweed), Nabalus barbatus (barbed rattlesnake root), Polygala mariana (Maryland Milkwort), Rudbeckia subtomentosa (sweet coneflower), Silphium laciniatum (compass plant), Silphium pinnatifidum (cutleaf rosinweed).  Graminoids: Eleocharis lanceolata (lance-like spike-rush), Muhlenbergia glabriflorus (inland muhly).

Invasive Species

Lespedeza bicolor (bush clover), L. cuneata (Chinese bush clover)

Community Variation and Subtypes

Associated Natural Communities

Similar Communities


Presettlement Distribution and Size



Present Status

Representative Sites

Threats


Management Considerations

Future Research Needs


Previous Studies

References