Ridge and Valley Sandstone Blockfield
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Ridge and Valley Sandstone Blockfield

Blue Ridge Low-elevation Boulderfield (NatureServe 2014)

Eastern Tennessee in Hawkins County, on the mid-slope of Devil's Nose Mountain.

Vegetation Description
Due to the complete lack of soil, vascular plants are mostly unable to colonize. Vining plants and small shrubs may be able to colonize the outer borders, but only lichens are able to inhabit the open areas.

Physical Characterization
Blockfield communities are primarily composed of large unassociated rocks, preventing any real soil deposition and plant growth. They occur on Clinch sandstone, in the Southern Sandstone Ridges Level 4 ecoregion, on south-facing slopes. The soil composition of the area is described as Wallen-Rock outcrop complex, with 25 to 60 percent slopes, is somewhat excessively drained, and has a pH of 5.3. The one known example occurs at 634m (2080 ft) elevation and is 0.1 hectares in size.

Natural Process
Historically, blockfield communities are thought to have been formed by periglacial activity during the last ice age. Due to the lack of vascular plant growth, soil deposition is minimal except on the borders with the surrounding forests.

Dominant Plants

Characteristic Plants

Restricted Plants


Invasive Species

Community Variation Subtypes
The communities consists of main block field body, which is unvegetated and primarily colonized by lichens on the rocks, and the borders which consist of vining plants and small shrubs which are able to take root in the shallow soils there.

Associated Natural Communities
Southern Ridge and Valley Dry Calcareous Forest (Natureserve 2015)

Similar Communities
Blue Ridge Quartzite Blockfield
Low-Elevation Boulderfield Forests and Woodlands
Blue Ridge Granite Blockfield

Presettlement Distribution and Size

Present Status
The community is very rare, only being represented by a single site in Hawkins county.

Representitave Sites
Hawkins County: Devil's Nose Mountain (34.541653°, -83.011808°)

Due to the location of the community, no major threats are present.

Management Considerations
Protection from development and recreational human destruction is the priority for management.

Future Research Needs

Previous Studies

NatureServe. 2014. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web
        application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available
        http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed: May 29, 2015).

Soil Survey Staff, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department
        of Agriculture. Web Soil Survey. Available online at
       http://websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda.gov/. Accessed [04/29/2015].