Go back

Riparian Forest

The term riparian forest is here used to refer to a variety of forests that occur in linear strips along small- to mid-sized streams in dissected terrain. Riparian forests differ from riparian woodlands in that they tend to have closed canopies and edge effect is not as great because they are generally located in protected coves, ravines, or gorges. Trees of riparian forest communities often are not much different than those of the immediately adjacent mesic upland forest communities. The major differences from a vegetation perspective are often in the shrub and herb layers. Shrubs and herbaceous species of riparian areas will generally be restricted to the riparian strip and often do not occur in adjacent upland mesic forests. Thus the herb and shrub layers, in addition to evidence of periodic flooding, must often be used to identify riparian forest communities.

MISSISSIPPI VALLEY LOESS PLAINS

BLUFF HILLS ECOREGION

LOESS PLAIN ECOREGION

SOUTHEASTERN PLAINS

NORTHERN HILLY GULF COASTAL PLAIN ECOREGION
  • Northern Hilly Gulf Coastal Plain Unconsolidated Sand Cliff

INTERIOR PLATEAUS

WESTERN HIGHLAND RIM ECOREGION

PENNYROYAL PLAIN ECOREGION

NASHVILLE BASIN ECOREGION

CUMBERLAND ENCLAVE ECOREGION

  • Cumberland Enclave Limestone Cliff
  • Cumberland Enclave Shaley-Limestone Cliff
EASTERN HIGHLAND RIM ECOREGION

SOUTHWESTERN APPALACHIANS

CUMBERLAND PLATEAU ESCARPMENT ECOREGION

CUMBERLAND PLATEAU ECOREGION

CRAB ORCHARD MOUNTAINS

SEQUATCHIE VALLEY ECOREGION

CENTRAL APPALACHIANS

CUMBERLAND MOUNTAINS

CUMBERLAND MOUNTAIN THRUSTBLOCK ECOREGION

RIDGE AND VALLEY

SOUTHERN CALCAREOUS VALLEYS ECOREGION

SHALE VALLEYS ECOREGION

DISSECTED RIDGES ECOREGION

SANDSTONE RIDGES ECOREGION

BLUE RIDGE MOUNTAINS 

SEDIMENTARY MOUNTAINS ECOREGION

METASEDIMENTARY MOUNTAINS ECOREGION

IGNEOUS MOUNTAINS ECOREGION

AMPHIBOLITE MOUNTAINS ECOREGION

DOLOMITE COVES ECOREGION